What Are The Differences When it Comes to: Strains, Sprains, and Breaks

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  Most individuals experience one or more of these injuries throughout life according to medical and fitness experts. There are long term consequences to each condition if the injury isn't allowed to heal properly. As adults and children participate in repetitive activities, daily damages to muscles, bones or tendons occur. It may be as simple as a strain to the muscle or tendon as a result of overusing or pushing past a certain limit of ability. The good news is most of these injuries have high recovery rates with only a few needing surgery. Like all injuries, it’s a good idea to seek a medical health worker for accurate advice on treatment and care. Strains Strains affect the muscles, typically caused from pulling the muscle or tendon. When it happens, you can actually feel the tension. One of the common causes is repetitive movement, but the lack of resting between workouts is also a culprit, especially when the movement is excessive. Muscles and tendons are fibrous, allowing them to be torn or ruptured, causing the loss of muscle functions. Sprains Sprains are associated with the tissues or ligaments connecting bones to each other. The ligaments help to stabilize the body’s joints and when the ligament is injured, many times you hear or feel a popping sensation, which may be followed with bruising and inflammation of the area. Sprain pain thresholds range from mild, keeping the joint in place and still functioning, just at a slower pace. Moderate sprain pain is a torn ligament, causing an unstable joint, making it difficult to support the body’s weight. Severe sprains are ligaments, which have completely separated from the bone and completely interfere with the joint’s function. Breaks A break in the bone is also called a fracture; it's a crack, but not a complete separation of the bone. No doubt about it, a broken bone requires medical attention. Precautions for this injury are serious, incorrect movement could damage nerves or completely immobilized the individual. If the bone actually breaks through the skin, the situation is extremely threatening to one’s health. Sprains or strains tend to happen less in younger children mostly because their bodies are still developing, however, children are more prone to bone injuries during these growing stages. As adults age, the body naturally losses bone density, increasing potential break injuries.

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